First of all, it is necessary to explain what stem cells are. Stem cells are cells that have the capacity to multiply rapidly and perform the work they will do by turning into our cells in need.
Some stem cells can turn into very different cells, while others can only turn into a few cell types. Since there are still some areas that are not illuminated about stem cells, in today’s medical applications, the use of stem cells that can turn into these few cell types is allowed in the clinic. Unfortunately, we can’t replace all the missing tissues with stem cells.
These stem cells that we use in the clinic can basically be obtained by two methods. One of them is bone marrow and the other is our fatty tissues. There is a high percentage of stem cells in the bone marrow responsible for the formation of our blood cells. It is also possible to obtain stem cells from fat tissue in a way that is close to bone marrow and even numerically superior.
We use the stem cells we use in the clinic to heal some connective tissue cells, small vessels, tissues such as bones and cartilage. In addition to plastic surgery to accelerate and increase bone and cartilage healing, orthopedic physicians often get help from stem cells.
Stem cell use is becoming increasingly common in plastic surgery, especially in aesthetic surgeries, as the ligament increases tissue and vascularization. Stem cells are cells that improve tissue healing and tissue quality when applied to desired areas. Therefore, the application of these treatments together with surgery or application in applications such as face lift, skin rejuvenation both accelerates healing and helps to make the result better and more permanent. Another advantage of stem cell is that they reduce the state of melting some of the fat cells in fat injection surgeries because it increases vascularation.
When stem cells are mixed with the fat to be injected, it is called “stem cell-enriched fat”. The melting rates of these fats are much less compared to normal fat injection. Therefore, more successful results can be achieved. Stem cell applications are also accepted to be used in diseases where some vascular problems such as lymphedema surgeries, diabetic foot wounds and Burger’s disease are seen.