Thanks to today’s technology and knowledge, it is possible to repair some important tissues in millimeter sizes or move them from place to place in our body. Microsurgery is the general name of the methods of applying procedures with the help of special surgical instruments and microscope or magnifying glasses for the tissues to be operated. Surgeons who implement these interventions have special training and practice. With microsurgery method, surgery can be performed to repair small-scale nerves and veins that have important function in the head and neck area, arms and legs, or to remove tissues from other regions and move them to these areas.
In general, hand surgery deals with surgical treatments of injuries, ruptures (amputation), cancers, congenital anomalies and some nerve disorders in the arm and hand. Microsurgery methods may also need to be applied in treatment, especially since the vascular and nerve structures in the hands and fingers are very thin.
Since microsurgery surgeries are methods applied to very sensitive tissues, problems may be encountered during the healing phase.
Obstruction of repaired vessels in vascular microsurgery repairs, tissue transplants with microsurgery and replanting of ruptured limb structures is one of the most undesirable risks. Therefore, the continuity of blood flow in the veins is closely controlled after surgery. In case of the slightest doubt about circulation, the patient may need to be operated again. Patients with circulatory problems may also need to be given additional medical treatments and therefore patients may need to be monitored in hospital for a week or more. In nerve repairs, improvement may not always occur at the same rate. The nerve tissues that normally undergo microsurgery are not the nerve cells themselves, but the clustered versions of the cell extensions in the limbs. Nerve cells do not have healing capacities, but their extensions have a capacity to heal after injury, although not completely. This can occur differently depending on the type of injury, the replacement of the injury, the age of the patient and whether there are additional injuries.