Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the whole world. However, their survival is higher than other cancers because they are easily noticed and their treatment is usually completely surgically possible. The most common malignant skin cancers are Basal Cell Carcinoma, Flat (squamous) Cell Carcinoma, Malignant Melanoma. In addition, many types of skin cancer are present, but these other types are rarely observed. Sun exposure is an important factor in almost all skin cancers. In addition, factors such as the ethnicity of individuals, some genetic diseases and some toxins may play a role. The preliminary diagnosis of skin cancers can usually be made only by examination by dermatology and plastic surgery physicians, but the most accurate diagnosis is made as a result of the examination of the samples taken by pathologists. Masses or wounds that are thought to be skin cancer should be biopsied appropriately first and the diagnosis should be confirmed. The biopsy method may not be the same in all types and sizes of cancers. At this stage, your plastic surgeon will guide you. After biopsy, if you have been diagnosed with malignant skin cancer, it may be necessary to clean the same area in accordance with your pathology result. This removal process is also the process of removing some intact skin from the cancer in that area, in accordance with the type of cancer.
Depending on the type of cancer, it may be necessary to remove the skin in narrow or very large areas. At this stage, your doctor will inform you and inform you about how to repair this removed area. Some types of cancer may also spread to remote areas. In such cases, radiological examinations such as ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging may be required considering the possibility of its spread. According to the results obtained, in addition to your treatment, regional lymph node dissection or sentinel lymph node sampling surgeries may be required. Most early-stage skin cancers do not require any oncological treatment other than surgical treatment. However, it will also be recommended to be examined by an oncologist in some types of cancer and in advanced stages. Since most diseases are usually treated in the early stages of skin cancers, it is not necessary to use radiotherapy or chemotherapy treatments.